A province of Northeastern Iran, historically including what now lies in southern Turkestan and northwestern Afghanistan, Khorassan means the land of the rising sun. Situated on the ancient Silk Road the region is geographically and culturally a gateway between Persian and Turkic culture. During the 16th and 17th centuries Khorassan was a leading carpet center. Today Mashad, Persias holiest city, is the weaving center of this region. Northern Khorassan is one of the major wool producing areas of Iran. Many Kurdish rugs are woven here and the Kurds of Khorassan are thought to be the remnants of those tribes who migrated from Karabagh in the Caucasus. Also many Baluch carpets and kilims are marketed here. Today rugs from this region utilize both weft wrapping and weft patterning techniques.