Kazak is perhaps the most famous weaving area of the Caucasus. The term Kazak refers to many of the carpets which include Borchelou and Lori Pambak, Pinwheel, Shield and Sevan. Gendje and Shirvan lie to the east and Karabagh to the South in this region densely populated with weaving centers which have been supplying to the west since the 19th century. The Caucasus Mountain region is inhabited by Azeri Turks, Armenians, Georgians and Russians. While most inhabitants live in the valleys the mountain peaks make the dividers between areas of tribal control. The Kazaks are a people descended form the Mongols who entered the area of the Caucasus under the rule of Genghis Khan. These descendants split from the Mongol horde and became known as Kazaks. The city of Kazak is in modern day Azerbaijan near both the Armenian and Georgian borders. It seems that many rugs called Kazak were knotted by Armenians, highly skilled weavers, using designs introduced through the Kazak Khanate.